Peripheral nerve stimulation is used to treat nerve-related pain within the peripheral nervous system, which are the nerves that exist outside of the brain and spine. Peripheral nerve pain may be caused by irritation stemming from an injury or repetitive motion, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. It may also be the result of one of many peripheral nerve disorders, such as diabetic peripheral neuropathy and Guillian-Barre syndrome.
What is Peripheral Nerve Stimulation?
Peripheral nerve stimulation inhibits pain messages sent from the nerves to the brain using low level electrical impulses. These impulses are delivered by a small pulse generator that is usually located somewhere near the affected nerves. The generator is controlled externally using a remote control device that is operated at the will of the patient.
Peripheral nerve stimulation is a permanent solution for pain management in the bodys extremities. Common treatment areas include the wrists, elbows, shoulders, hips and knees. Before placing permanent electrodes within the body, a trial device is used for approximately one week to determine efficacy in the patient. If the results are positive, a permanent battery-operated device is inserted during an outpatient procedure. The recovery period is minimal, and most patients may return to normal activities within a relatively short period of time.
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